November 15, 2013
The U.S. is number one for natural gas and yet, the struggle on the wastewater still remains a point of contention. The process of fracking produces wastewater in the process of securing this energy. Alternative solutions to wastewater have come under shipping, reuse and management of waste produced from the process. It is offered that the “Sold wastewater to be used for fracking” is another alternative solution to be considered.
In Canada one use of “wastewater from sewage lagoons in the town of Edson, Canada, is being sold to firms for the process of hydraulic fracturing (fracking), according to the Edson Leader. The process of fracking requires high levels of water, which is not suitable for use or for being released into the environment until it undergoes extensive treatment. The use of wastewater for the practice means that less fresh water will be utilised in the extraction of natural gas.”
Now more information is required to determine the health and safety of these processes as pilot programs are being released to determine what to do with this impactful resource. It is impactful on two platforms, 1) environment and 2) water.
“A pilot programme was implemented in 2012 by public works officials, reports the news provider. The water is taken from sewage lagoons and used by several oil and gas companies, including Shell Canada, as an alternative to saline or fresh water, which is usually used during fracking. Although wastewater selling for fracking is not a new idea, it has not been widely implemented,” posts Environmental Technology.
Brigitte Lemieux, town assistant chief administrator, told the news provider that roughly 50,000 cubic metres of wastewater will be sold this year, which could fetch the town around CA$100,000 (£59,989) in revenue. Alberta Environment and Sustainable Resource Development (ESRD) supports the sale of wastewater for use in fracking operations, according to Ogho Ikhalo, a spokesperson for the organisation.
The opportunity is not only in economics but moreover, determining effective methods for water use and safety to contain and contain ecosystemic impacts that migrate into social, economic and environmental outcomes.